One or more types of treatment can be used.  The kind of treatment used depends upon the type of cancer, its size, where it is in the lungs, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.

Surgery involves removing the tumor, along with the diseased part of the lung.  If the tumor is small and has not spread outside the lungs, surgery is about the best chance for a cure.  In fact, if lung cancer is discovered in the early stages, one can expect a more than 50 percent cure rate. But some tumors cannot be removed because of their size and location.  And some patients may have other health problems that make surgery impossible.  In those cases, other options may be offered.

Radiation therapy uses powerful high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells.  The radiation is aimed at the tumor, and kills the cancer cells only in that area of the lungs.  Radiation can be used before surgery to shrink the tumor.  It may also be used after surgery to kill any cancer cells left in the lungs.

Chemotherapy uses special drugs to destroy cancer cells throughout the body.  Chemotherapy may be used after surgery to kill any cancer cells still present in nearby tissue or elsewhere in the body.  It may also be used in more advanced stages of the disease to relieve cancer symptoms.  Most of these drugs are either taken as a pill or given by IV (intravenous) line.

 

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2 responses »

  1. sdcastillo says:

    Great information about lung cancer. I realize that there is not much treatment choices available for treating lung cancer or any type of cancer. It’s either surgery, chemo and/or radiation. Did any of your research mention any recommended diet or what foods to avoid during a treatment process?

    Thanks! Great pictures!

    Sherry

    • elilop7 says:

      According to the University of Maryland Medical Center this are some dietary guidelines to follow:

      Try to eliminate suspected food allergens, such as dairy (milk, cheese, and ice cream), wheat (gluten), soy, corn, preservatives, and chemical food additives. Your health care provider may want to test you for food allergies.
      Eat foods high in B-vitamins and iron, such as whole grains (if no allergy), dark leafy greens (such as spinach and kale), and sea vegetables.
      Eat antioxidant foods, including fruits (such as blueberries, cherries, and tomatoes) and vegetables (such as squash and bell pepper).
      Avoid refined foods such as white breads, pastas, and sugar.
      You should use quality protein sources, such as organic meat and eggs, whey, (if no dairy allergies are present) and vegetable protein shakes as part of a balanced program aimed at gaining muscle mass and preventing wasting that can sometimes be a side effect of cancer therapies.
      Use healthy cooking oils, such as olive oil or vegetable oil.
      Reduce or eliminate trans fatty acids, found in such commercially baked goods as cookies, crackers, cakes, French fries, onion rings, donuts, processed foods, and margarine.
      Avoid caffeine and other stimulants, alcohol, and tobacco.
      Exercise lightly, if possible. Speak to your doctor to determine the best regimen for you.

      You may address nutritional deficiencies with the following supplements:

      Probiotic supplement (containing Lactobacillus acidophilus), 5 – 10 billion CFUs (colony forming units) a day, for maintenance of gastrointestinal and immune health. Some probiotic supplements may need refrigeration. Check the label carefully.
      Omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish oil, 1 – 2 capsules or 1 tbsp. of oil 1 – 2 times daily, to help decrease inflammation and help with immunity. Fish oils may increase bleeding in sensitive individuals, such as those taking blood thinning mediations (including aspirin).
      Melatonin, 2 – 6 mg at bedtime, for immune support and sleep. Higher doses may be beneficial in lung cancer, so check with your health care provider. Melatonin can interfere with many medications, including sedatives, antidepressants, birth control, and others.

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